1943 SWC Leigh Well PDF.

Southend/Essex Waterworks Company

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Sea of Change Southend-on-Sea

As to the site of the wells Southend and Prittlewell Wells are situated in the towns, the others in open country , and with no possibility of cesspit pollution. Methods of Pumping, with exception of Prittlewell Well, which has a bucket and ram pump, the pumping in all other wells is carried on by means of a lift pump which delivers the water into a cast iron tank at the enlargement of the well, and a ram pump forces the water from the tank into a pumping main. The water from Noble’s Green Well is pumped into a rising main, which in its course is joined by a main from Oakwood, Eastwood and Prittlewell Wells. It then proceeds to Southend, receiving the main from this well, enters a water tower (at the bottom) near the station, and when the tank (which has a capacity of 50,000 gallons) is full, overflows into an enclosed and arched brick reservoir, which has the capacity for holding 300,000 gallons. The Method of Supply to the Town, The supply is constant and always sufficient. The trunk main from Nobles Green, Oakwood and Eastwood Wells give off branches for the supply of Prittlewell. After receiving the Prittlewell water, branch mains supply the vicinity of Porters Town, London and Milton Roads. After receiving the Southend water the trunk main gives off branches to Trinity and Marine Avenues, before entering the water tower. From the tower all of the high level area of the town are covered. The low level area being supplied by the reservoir. It will thus be seen that Prittlewell is at times supplied either by one well or a mixture of water from Noble’s Green, Oakwood and Eastwood, when all these pumps are in action, or if the demand exceeds supply, water would be derived from Prittlewell and Southend. The district supplied by branch mains between Prittlewell and Southend stations will be supplied with a mixture of all five waters if necessary. The districts supplied supplied from tower and reservoir receive a mixture from all the wells. The mains are laid at a higher level than the sewers, the district service pipes from the pumping and trunk mains are commanded by a separate cock for each district. The quantity of water supplied to the town each day at present time is a minimum of 400,000 gallons, and estimating the population at 20,000, gives 20 gallons to each person per diem. Fobbing, the extremity of the sphere of this Company’s operations in a westerly direction, will also be able, through the Orsett Union, to take a water supply from the Company.
South Essex Waterworks Company PDF.
SWC Inauguration, Inspection and Brief Description of New Works, Langford PDF.
Maldon Hall Reservoir Scheme PDF.
Southend Waterworks Company. Mr Bilham, the Manager - outline sketch of the Company’s works c1911. The Company’s works comprise the following, Prittlewell Parish. 1. The original Pumping Station with well at Southend (1864). 2. The Pumping Station with well called “Prittlewell” (1881). Eastwood Parish. 3. The Pumping Station with well, situated near “Coleman’s” (1890). 4. The Pumping Station called “Oakwood,” with well situated at the west side of the parish (1894). 5. The Pumping Station called “Nobles Green,” with well situated at the north side of the parish(1895). 6. The Pumping Station called “Picketts” with well situated at the south side of the parish (has to be completed). Thundersley Parish. 7. The Pumping Station called “Thundersley,” with well situated at the west side of the parish(1899). 8. The Pumping Station called “Burches,” with well situated at the north side of the parish(has to be completed). The above wells are bricked (also having iron tubing where necessary), and have bore pipes carried through the lower London tertiary deposits down to the chalk, with unlined borings in the chalk. In addition to the tower and reservoirs at Southend, the Company have recently constructed, and are using two reservoirs in the parish of Thundersley, situated upon high ground near the common, and can there store some three million gallons of water. Similar reservoirs are in the course of construction on the high ground at the back of Oakwood Pumping Station (Oakwood Reservoirs). The Company have Pumping Stations in progress, one at Southchurch, and another so situated beyond Pitsea that the mains will, I hope, at a date not very remote, carry water through the local parishes of the Billericay Council, and perhaps that authority may then wish to arrange for water supply for Bowers, Pitsea, and Vange. Fobbing, the extremity of the sphere of this Company’s operations in a westerly direction, will also be able, through the Orsett Union, to take a water supply from the Company.
Sea of Change - Southend-on-Sea. Southend/Essex Waterworks Company Charts, Diagrams, and Maps Gallery.

01, Complete Working Drawing of a Typical Water System. 02,Illustration of domestic water supply from Cassell’s household guide 1863-71. Hand pump in

Rayleigh High Street set up by the Southend Waterworks Company. 3, 03, 1905 Southend Waterworks Company Area of Supply, Principal Works and Trunk

Mains, Southend Waterworks Company. 04, 1912 Vange Reservoir and Pumping Stations  05, Odeon Cinema posters from the Southend Waterworks

campaign just after World War 2. 06,1961 Hanningfield Reservoir Map. 07, 1963 Map of Oakwood Reservoir Prior to Reconstruction. 08,1966 Langford

softening and purification plant. 09, Circa Late 1960s Southend Waterworks Company’s Senior Staff Dinner at Garons. 10, 1970 Map of  Langford New

Treatment Works. 11, 1974 Essex Water Company Map of Hanningfield Reservoir. 12, 1974 Essex Water Company Principal works and trunk mains.

13,1978 Essex Water Company Map of Mid Essex Division. 14,1978 Essex Water Company Map of South Essex Division. 15,1978 Essex Water Company

Map of Southend Division. 16, 1984 Essex Water Company Principal works and trunk mains. 17, Emergency water sources list of Wells/Boreholes. 18, 1992

Water consumption and population chart.

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SWC Farewell Dinner and Dance PDF.
1912 SWC Short Article and Diagram of Billericay Borehole PDF.

Southend/Essex Waterworks Co - Charts, Diagrams, and Maps.

The Oakwood Well Diameter, 8 feet. Borehole Diameter, 27” narrowing to18 inches. Sunk, 404 feet. Bored, 464 feet. Depth, 868 feet. Ordnance Datum, 115 feet above. The Noble’s Green Well Diameter, 8 feet. Borehole Diameter, 27” narrowing to18 inches. Sunk, 356 feet. Bored, 503 feet. Depth, 859 feet. Ordnance Datum, 65 feet above.
Southend Waterworks Company. A description of wells by Dr. Walters, the Medical Officer of Health in February 1898.
The Southend Well Diameter, 6 feet. Borehole Diameter, 9 feet narrowing to 2 1/2 inches. Sunk, 385 feet. Bored, 521 feet. Depth, 906 feet. Ordnance Datum, 108 feet above. The Prittlewell Well Diameter, 10 feet. Borehole Diameter, 21 feet narrowing to 12 inches. Sunk, 360 feet. Bored, 517 feet. Depth, 517 feet. Ordnance Datum, 101 1/2 feet above. The Eastwood Well Diameter, 8 feet. Borehole Diameter, 24 feet. narrowing to 18 inches. Sunk, 247 feet. Bored, 438 feet. Depth, 685 feet. Ordnance Datum, 50 feet above.

Southend/Essex/South Essex Waterworks Co - PDF Files.

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Abberton Reservoir

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